Contract Assembly: A term referring to a service that specializes in the assembly of a product through the use of manual labor, fixturing or automation.
Contract Packaging: A general term referring to a service that is performed on a product utilizing various assembly and / or packaging techniques intended for the enhancement of a product.
Contract Supplier: A source that performs a manufacturing service for a customer.
Contract Warehousing: A term referring to a service that specializes in material handling, storage, inventory control and distribution of a companies’ product or products.
Fulfillment: The overall logistics associated with a product or products including but not limited to material handling, collation, incoming inspection, order processing & tracking, inventory control, warehousing, assembly and/or transportation.
Hand Assembly: Tasks that are completed by human hands or manual labor.
Outsourcing: The act of physically sending out a product to a contract supplier for assembly, packaging or manufacturing.
Pack Out: The method and quantity associated with the last step in handling a product that needs to be shipped out.
Pick & Pack: This is part of the order fulfillment process which includes the physical locating or “picking” of a part out of inventory, and then packing the part into a box for shipment.
Poly-bagging: The placement of a product or products into a poly-bag and then heat sealing the bag closed.
P.O.P. Display: An acronym for Point of Purchase, this is a merchandiser which holds multiple items in a free-standing display which can be found in an aisle or end cap in a retail establishment. These are typically designed and made out of corrugated material.
Relabeling : This is a task that may include either applying a label over an existing label on a product, removing an existing label prior to applying a new label, or just applying a label to an original product or box.
Reverse Logistics: The total processing involved with taking in returned goods from the field and reworking or repackaging them to conform to the standards of original goods.
Repackaging: Redoing or undoing an existing type of packaging to reflect new standards.
Rework: The act of undoing or redoing a task that was last completed incorrectly.
Secondary Operation: A manufacturing step that comes after the initial process because it cannot be done “in-line” or simultaneously.
Shrink Wrapping: Probably the most common of all packaging methods, shrink wrapping is accomplished by trimming a piece of shrinkable film around an object, and then sending it through a heat “tunnel” which “shrinks” the film to conform to the exact size of an outer box or product. This is a tamper resistant covering that is very common at the retail level on products such as gift sets, software, and games, to name a few. The gloss effect created by the film tends to give a product or box a richer appearance.
Skin Packaging: A packaging technique whereby a film is sucked down over a product and onto a preprinted “skin card”. As heat is introduced, the adhesive coating on the card and the Surlyn film adhere together. This is an attractive packaging option and is preferred for retail because the product is displayed clearly yet is protected by the transparent covering.
Sorting: The separation of good versus bad usually accomplished through visual inspection.
Value Added: A reference to an additional operation or service that is done by a supplier to a product or products that provides a customer with a more complete solution
Floor Loading: A technique used for packing a truck in which pallets and stretch film are not used. Hand carrying (conveyors are frequently used) a load on a truck and shipping the load by leaving it on the trailer floor unprotected.
CPS, Complete Packaging Solutions: CPS is not about selling one product. CPS is about selling a solution which will provide the customer with a total cost take out. The products and possible services that will be chosen will optimize the transport and logistics while fulfilling the requirements that the customer has on the packaging.
Inner Packaging: By blocking, bracing and cushioning the products, the inner packaging together with the outer packaging is protecting the product from transport and storage damages. The inner packaging surrounds the product and can also be designed to protect against abrasion, corrosion or electro static discharge (ESD).
Logistics: The process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient and cost-effective flow and storage of raw materials, in-process stocks, finished goods and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for customers. Put more simply, it is the science and art of ensuring that the right products reach the right place in the right quantity at the right time in order to satisfy consumer demand.
Over Packaging: Simply put, too much more raw materials are used, than actually needed for protecting the contents of the package.
Pick-and-Pack: The process by which goods are picked against customers’ orders and then packed for onward distribution.
Returnable Packaging: “Returnable Packaging are packaging designed to be reused in open and closed loops” A more deep definition could be as follows; A shipping and storage container which is designed for reuse without impairment of its protective function and which can be repaired and/or refitted to prolong its life or to adapt it for shipment of items other than that for which it was originally employed.
RFID: RFID is radio-frequency identification, a system that uses radio signals to locate and identify merchandise, batched products or transportation assets fitted with special electronic tags. The tags – also known as smart labels or intelligent tags – enable the automatic track-and-trace of merchandise/assets throughout the supply chain.